Wasaaradda Gaashaandhigga ee Dalka Canada oo 3Markab kuwa Dagaal ah u soo dirtay Xeebaha dalka Somalia.

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Halkaan ka akhri

Wasaaradda Gaashaandhigga ee dalka Canada Ciidanka Badda ee Dalka Canada ayaa shaaca ka qaaday in ay 3 markab oo kuwa dagaalka ah, oo ku qalabeysan hub casri ah u direen xeebaha Geeska Africa, gaar ahaan kuwa Soomaaliya.

  Sida ay qortay wakaalada wararka ee dalkaas ee lagu magacaabo “Canwest News Service”, ayaa lagu sheegay in Baaxadda biyaha la doonayo inay ilaaliyaan ay tahay in ka badan 2.5 milyan oo mile oo isku wareeg ah, kana soo billaabata cirifka koonfureed ee Kanaalka Suweys ee dalka Masar, kuna eg cirifka waqooyi ee xeebaha dalka Pakistan. 

Hase ahaatee dalal ay ka mid yihiin Canada, Mareykanka, shan dal oo Yurub ah iyo Pakistan ayaa la sheegay in ay ka qayb qaadanayaan iskaashi la sheegay in lagula dagaalamayo Burcad Badeeda ka dilaacday Geeska Afrika gaar ahaan kuwa Soomaaliya. 

Sidoo kale waxaa la sheegay in qaar ka mid ah Ciidamadan ayaa saldhigyo rasmi ah ka sameystay xeebaha Geeska Afrika iyo kuwa Gacanka Cadmeed. 

Balse Sarkaal ka tirsan ciidamada Canada ayaa mar uu la hadlayay wakaalada dalkiisa waa uu shaki ka muujiyey halka ay tahay in maxkamadeeyo Burcada haddii la soo qabto, iyo cidda dacwadaas oogi karta.Sarkaalkan Canadian-ka ah ayaa sheegay in hadii ay iyagu qabtaan burcad-badeed ay la xiriiri doonaan madaxda siyaasadeed ee dalkiisa, si looga arrinsado sida laga yeelayo.

Si kasta ha ahaatee Sarkaalka Canadian-ka ah ayaa sheegay in hadii ay iyagu qabtaan burcad-badeed ay la xiriiri doonaan madaxda siyaasadeed ee dalkiisa, si looga arrinsado sida laga yeelayo.

Canwest News Service

SomaliSwiss@hotmail.com

Canadian warships hunt modern-day pirates

ABOARD HMCS IROQUOIS, Indian Ocean — Canada has sent three warships to help thwart swarms of modern-day Long John Silvers and Jack Sparrows who have been terrorizing maritime traffic in these distant waters.

Piracy exploded into the news earlier this year when helicopter-borne French commandos captured five pirates and took them back to France to face trial. The pirates, from the breakaway part of Somalia known as Puntland, had stormed a luxury yacht and held it and its 30 crew members hostage until a ransom was paid.

“My own son thinks of pirates as men with parrots, an eye patch and a wooden leg, but what has been happening out here is obviously not as romantic a notion as that,” mused Cmdr. Steve Paget, chief of staff for the Canadian flotilla, which includes HMCS Protecteur and HMCS Calgary as well as the Iroquois.

he HMCS Protecteur sailing in the Indian Ocean with the HMCS Iroquois on its left flank and the HMCS Calgary on its right. The Protecteur and the Calgary are in the middle of an epic, 186-day, 40,000 nautical mile round the world voyage from their home port of Esquimalt on Vancouver Island.

JTFA

The problem of piracy in the Horn of Africa began five years ago when Somali fisherman reacted to foreign overfishing by seizing trawlers and their crews and holding them for ransom. Civil war and anarchy had left their shattered government unable to protect its fisheries.

When such tactics produced money, it emboldened the pirates to go after freighters and yachts on their way to and from Europe and Asia.

“These guys are from Somali clans and operate from camps in lawless areas. They are desperate,” Paget said. “This has proven more lucrative for them than anything else, and there has been nobody out here to catch them.”

There have been 24 acts of piracy off the Somali coast this year, the Kuala Lumpur-based International Maritime Bureau reported last week. Among the victims were a German-registered freighter and its mostly Ukrainian crew, seized in May and freed on July 8 for a ransom of $800,000. A Dutch freighter and its mostly Filipino and Russian crew held for 31 days and exchanged for a ransom as much as $700,000 in June.

A German yacht with four people aboard captured two weeks ago remains in the hands of pirates who have demanded $2 million to set their hostages free.

To avoid getting hijacked, ships have begun taking a more indirect, costly route near Yemen that takes them 200 to 300 kilometres away from the Somali coast. This has forced Somalia’s buccaneers, who use speedboats, to venture much further offshore to hunt their prey.

“Are they a threat? Yeah,” said Capt. Brendan Ryan, skipper of the Iroquois. “The coast of Somalia is the Wild West. Any vessel that goes within a couple of hundred miles of there can be in peril.”

To deter such crimes, Task Force 150, led by Commodore Bob Davidson, who uses the Iroquois as his flagship, includes a changing cast of warships from the United States, five European countries and Pakistan.

It now maintains a more-or-less permanent naval presence between the Horn of Africa and the Gulf of Aden.

But this is only a small part of the Task Force’s area, which covers 2.5 million square miles of ocean from the southern end of the Suez Canal to Kenya’s border with Tanzania, east to the Seychelles and then north to Pakistan where there have been some notable successes against drug and alcohol smugglers whose profits help fund the Taliban and al-Qaida.

To deal with the pirates, sailors on the Canadian warships now in the Indian Ocean have been schooled in the Law of the Sea, small arms and hand-to-hand combat as well as the arcane art of rappelling up the sides of suspect vessels.

“Piracy is a crime and we are the medium to stop it,” said Able Seaman Dusty Element of Perce, Que., who carries out initial checks as part of Iroquois’s Alpha boarding party. “The idea of going after pirates is, to me, very intriguing.”

Ryan joined the navy 32 years ago because of the threat posed to Canada’s fisheries by foreign trawlers, so he was not without sympathy for the pirates’ plight.

“I look at these Somali fellows and think of the Newfoundlanders who were hurt by overfishing on the Grand Banks,” the Placentia Bay, N.L., native said. “But I do not condone what they are doing. It has got way out of hand.”

Ryan likened what his destroyer was doing to Neighbourhood Watch. By simply being at sea the Task Force had deterred some pirates from leaving shore. “Until they are 11.99 miles of the coast they are armed robbers in some country’s territorial waters and we have no right or obligation to intervene,” he said.

“At the 12-mile territorial limit they become pirates and we can act.”

Canadian and international law is clear that Canadian sailors have a right to arrest anyone caught in an act of piracy in international waters, Commodore Davidson’s legal adviser, Lt.-Cmdr Guy Killaby, said as he handed over a stack of UN resolutions supporting this argument.

However, what to do with pirates once they are caught remains a thorny issue.

“We are military people, not law-enforcement people,” Davidson said. “We are not trained in evidence gathering and the connection between crime and punishment.

“Who is going to try them? Do we hand them over to another nation? Look at all the problems we have had in Canada with capturing Afghans in Afghanistan and handing them over to Afghan authorities. Do Canadians want us to capture pirates off the coast of Somalia and bring them home to Canadian prisons for 20 years and (deal with) all their claims for refugee status in Canada, to say nothing of the cost?”

He also questioned the value of having highly sophisticated warships worth $500 million to $1-billion chasing skiffs equipped with nothing more than small arms and rocket-propelled grenades when a much less costly solution would be to put a couple of “rent-a-cops” with medium-calibre weapons on board merchant vessels to frighten pirates off.

For all that, the Canadian ships under Davidson’s command are part of “a deterrence operation.” His sailors will, he said, arrest pirates if they are found committing a crime.

“We have chased pirates,” he said. “If you catch them before the crime (as a helicopter from the Calgary did, scaring them off) that is probably a good circumstance because there probably is no legal basis or obligation to charge them.”

If Canadian sailors catch pirates who have seized a ship or are trying to board it, “My plan is to call home and say, ‘I have a problem. What would you like me to do about it?’ ” Davidson said. “You can be sure any solution would involve the political level in our country.”

Matthew Fisher ,  Canwest News Service

SomaliSwiss@hotmail.com

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