The Seminar in Geneva:- Ethiopia’s current war in Somalia is a continuation of the Somali-Ethiopian war of the 1970s. During the 1980’s, the then-Government of Ethiopia supported insurgency movement.

Mr. Zakariya

Mr. Zakariya Mohamud

 Halkaan ka akhri

Partners for Peace and Reconciliation (PPR)

Appeal to the international community end the massacre of the civilians in Somalia

Mr. Zakariya

Video Mr.  Zakariye Mohamud Haji  Cabdi

Somali’s capital Mogadishu has become a battleground between the heavily armed Ethiopian troops supported by militias of the cliques who from the core leaders of the transitional federal government and a network of clan-based militia and Islamist resistance groups.

Dr. Mohamud Jama Sifir

The brutality and disproportionate response to acts of resistance and indiscriminate shelling of the city caused thousands of casualties and prompted about half a million people to become displaced in April – May 2007. Ethiopian security forces have once again intensified their search and destroy operations in the city, displacing 200,000 civilians.

Ethiopia’s current war in Somalia is a continuation of the Somali-Ethiopian war of the 1970s. During the 1980’s, the then-Government of Ethiopia supported insurgency movement.

Mr. Abdi Dirshe

Ethiopia under its present leadership continued support to rival cliques within the insurgency movements, which played a key role in the factional wars of the 1990s and the political fragmentation of Somalia and its collapse as a state.

The present Ethiopian leaders also supported rival political factions to undermine reconciliation initiatives and successive efforts to form interim governments.

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Over the last five years (2002-2007), Ethiopia acting through IGAD also collaborated with Kenya and Uganda and launched the Somali Reconciliation Conference.

Ethiopia further used its considerable diplomatic influence to accredit Ethiopian sponsored cliques as delegates at the conference, thus assuring election of its allies to the leadership of the transitional government.

Ethiopia’s insistence to participate and in effect lead IGAD peace support mission and its later unilateral intervention has diminished the willingness of the secretary General to seek Security Council authorization of a peacekeeping mission for Somalia.

In the face of the Ethiopian intervention, almost all Member State of the African Union have also declined to deploy their troops in Somalia as part of African Union mission despite its authorization by the UN Security Council.

The dissent within the TFG and broad-based opposition to the TFG prompted Ethiopia to intervene and suppress internal dissent and eliminate the Union of Islamic Courts (UIC) as a political force.

Ethiopia’s Military intervention has enabled President Abdullah Yusuf Ahmed to expel the most prominent critics of the Ethiopian intervention in the Parliament from office and force the Prime Minister Ali Geddi to resign.

Ethiopia claims its war in Somalia in part of the war on terrorism and used this claim to deflect criticisms from human rights advocates and other opponents of its intervention in Somalia.

But the Ethiopian military is engaged and is committing war crimes for which both the leaders of the TFG and Ethiopia military and political leaders must be held accountable.

The international community must end the massacre of innocent civilian population.

Somalia needs the good offices of neutral international envoys to facilitate an interim political settlement among the principal political groups in Somalia: the TFG and the ARS and Somaliland.

Dialogue and consultation among these three principal political parties will be far more effective in repositioning Somalia on a path to peace and reconciliation then present attempts to impose an unelected Ethiopian-backed government, which two of the principal political groups oppose.

An interim political settlement among the three principal groups will create the conditions for broad-based participation in the political process and enable the international community and the UN to assist Somalia in post-conflict reconstruction as well as prepare the country for peaceful political transition.

Geneva, 21, November 2007

Dr. Mohamud Jama Sifir

Mr. Zakariya Mohamud Haji Abdi

Mr. Abdi Dirshe

SomaliSwiss Omar

SomaliSwiss@hotmail.com

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